the Brimka Effect
Hips & Elbows
The sire and dam of our puppies are certified free of hip and elbow dysplasia by the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) or via the German SV a-stamp program. Breeding dogs with certified hips and elbows is considered "best practice" when choosing animals to breed. A breeder that does not complete this step would be considered a "backyard breeder" or a "puppy mill".
However, German Shepherds (and most large to giant breed dogs) are a breed that has a higher incidence of HD. Unfortunately, dogs that possess hip and elbow certs can and do produce puppies that develop HD. Any breeder that tells you differently is either lying or is misinformed.